Cardiovascular fitness is the most important aspect of any fitness program. Cardiovascular fitness should be the mainstay of any fitness program. This section is designed to explain the definition of cardiovascular fitness, the benefits of cardiovascular fitness program, warm up and cool down aspects of cardiovascular fitness, the different modes of cardiovascular fitness, the criteria of cardiovascular fitness, explain how to monitor cardiovascular intensity levels, the factors of improving cardiovascular fitness, and the methods of cardiovascular training.
Cardiovascular fitness also called cardiorespitory fitness is the ability of the lungs to provide oxygen to the blood and the heart to transport the oxygenated blood to the cells of the body. It is also the ability of the body to sustain an activity for an extended period of time.
Participating in a cardiovascular conditioning program can help the participant to:
– lower blood pressure
– increase HDL cholesterol
– decrease total cholesterol
– decrease body fat due to utilizing fat as energy
– increase heart function and its ability to pump more blood
– decrease stress reactions and anxiety
– reduce glucose-stimulated insulin
– increase oxygen output to body
– decrease resting heart rate
– increase cardiac output
– increase aerobic work capacity